How school and exams are set to change

School

More time to build foundation: The policy modifies the current 10+2 structure, breaking it down into foundational, preparatory, middle and secondary school levels. The new structure now includes three years of preschool education for 3-6 year olds with the objective to provide widespread access to early education through anganwadis and expansion of existing schools

National mission on foundational literacy and numeracy: An estimated 5 crore elementary students are not proficient in reading and writing, and basic addition and subtraction. By 2025, the goal is to achieve universal “foundational literacy and numeracy” by the time a child reaches the Class 3 level THREE-LANGUAGE

Proficiency: Students will be taught three languages through their schooling years, with state governments free to choose based on regional languages and students given the choice between other Indian and foreign languages starting in Class 6 or 7. The policies will also set in motion the standardisation of Indian Sign Language BOARD EXAMS: Class 10 and 12 board exams will be made “easier” by testing less material to reward better core understanding of subjects rather than memorisation. Students will also be allowed to retake board exams once and only the best score of the two attempts will be counted. Exams will also be redesigned to include multiple-choice questions in addition to descriptive questions FLEXIBILITY: Students will be free to choose subjects across streams with no “hard separations” between arts and sciences, curricular and extra-curricular, and vocational and academic. Schools will be permitted to move to a semester or any other system to enable students to take a wider range of classes. All subjects and their assessments will be offered at a standard level and a higher level


Higher education


Entrance exams: There will be an aptitude test on the lines of SAT in the US for entrance into colleges. Board results alone will no longer determine admission. To be overseen by the National Testing Agency (NTA) these tests will serve as a common entrance exam across the country with universities free to add other criteria. However, universities can choose to disregard NTA assessments altogether and continue with their own entrance exams

Undergraduate: Bachelor’s courses will be of three to four years and offer multiple exit points, that is, students can leave with a certificate after one year, a diploma for two years, or the bachelor’s degree after completing three/four years. The four-year programme, however, provides more opportunities for research-based education than the other options

Postgraduate: NEP 2020 allows institutes flexibility to design their own courses. For those who do a three-year bachelor’s degree, a master’s degree can be a two-year course, with the second year focusing on research. For students who do a four-year bachelor’s, master’s could be just one year. Integrated bachelor’s-master’s programmes spanning five years will be introduced but the M.Phil programme will be discontinued altogether. For a Ph.D, students will need a four-year bachelor’s or a master’s with a three-year bachelor’s degree




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