“We were able to include an unprecedented number of Indian institutions in the 2021 rankings, which makes India one of those countries where more institutes are willing to participate. But, it is a matter of regret that the performance of India could have – and should have – been even better, as sadly India was not properly represented in the 2021 rankings, with a small minority of institutions choosing not to take part,” Phil Baty, chief knowledge officer, THE, tells Education Times.
No institute from India has managed to feature in the top 300. Highlighting the reasons for poor ranks, Baty says, “The biggest challenges faced by India’s universities when compared to the world’s very top universities are the quality of the research base, internationalisation, and most importantly of all, funding. It is clear that Indian universities are relatively poorly-funded compared to global competitors.”
The entry of 63 Indian institutes in this year’s rankings means that they are more visible on a global stage. It will open doors for partnership and collaboration opportunities along with an international profile and reputation.
“Indian universities are opening up to international scrutiny and analysis, willing to share data and get compared to the best universities in the world, which helps ensure that they have the data and insights to make further progress in the world rankings. This is healthy and vital for success in a highly globalised knowledge economy,” he adds.
THE data shows that India’s higher education system has been improving across multiple metrics, especially in the single most significant metric in the rankings – citation impact.
“The research productivity of Indian scholars and research quality has also improved relative to the rest of the world. This combination of greater quantity and higher quality, combined with early signs of increased funding relative to competitors, bodes very well for the strengthening of the Indian university system in future,” adds Baty.